The commonwealth of Moncalvillo comprises nine municipalities (Daroca de Rioja, Train, Fuenmayor Moncalvillo furnaces, Medrano, Navarrete, Sojuela, Sotés and Ventosa) which has a total of 150 km2. The biodiversity of flora and fauna is given, especially bio-climatic conditions of the area.
There is a wealth of flora and fauna in the territory Moncalvillo from Fuenmayor (434 m) through Daroca de Rioja (716 m) to the peak Serradero (1494 m) of the Sierra Moncalvillo. This means that there are differences in altitude and temperature conditions very significant moisture which will be reflected in the variety of forests that develop in the territory and therefore, in the fauna to be established in them.
Of the twenty major forest formations that can be found in La Rioja (depending on forest map GOR), seventeen are present on the surface of the commonwealth of Moncalvillo. Associates Fuenmayor Ebro river and some streams that descend from the mountains of Moncalvillo can find riparian thickets and deciduous mixed forest Daroca of Rioja.
As for a more Mediterranean vegetation, the oaks are divided mainly between Ventosa, Medrano, and furnaces Sojuela municipalities Moncalvillo In Sotés Navarrete and can locate most extensive forests gall (an oak with Mediterranean character), there are also in small clumps in Daroca, Medrano and Ventosa. A species of oak but more prickly leaf and smaller size is that we can locate coscoja in the most sunny slopes of Train, Navarrete and Fuenmayor. The latter also stands of pine and pine. There is also Mediterranean scrub made up of different species, which may have been kept by their location in areas of high slope avoiding growing economically interesting species to man.
In all of the Sierra foothills north facing Moncalvillo intermingling is common oaks or beeches with pine, black pine and black pine, and in valleys shadiest Sojuela Daroca and beech forests, leaving the highlands of the mountain pastures and meadows. Train Noteworthy in the presence of sessile oak, a species that is a very weak across La Rioja.
Highly recommended for the visitor to enjoy and visit the unique trees, which are those that stand out for their size, age, shape or by the legends and traditions that house. So Daroca of Rioja lies a 250-year moral and Sojuela, olive with estimated ages between 550 years to 750 years old.